Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)


Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)

  • Global consumption structure and Development trends of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)
    Jul 06, 2023
    The global consumption structure of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is: polymerization assistants account for about 24%, polyvinyl butyral (PVB) accounts for about 15%, adhesives account for about 14%, textile pulp accounts for about 14%, and paper pulp Materials and coatings account for about 10%, and others 23%.   The consumption structure of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in China is: polymerization assistants account for about 38%, fabric slurries account for about 20%, adhesives account for about 12%, vinylon fibers account for about 11%, papermaking slurries and coatings account for about 8% %, architectural coatings account for about 5%, and others 6%. Polymerization aids, fabric sizing and adhesives are the main downstream consumer markets for polyvinyl alcohol.   In the first half of 2023, the supply and demand of China PVA products were in a weak balance, and prices were running at low levels. The advantages of China PVA variety in supporting a stable market share. With the introduction of new technologies, new processes, and new products, the continuous expansion of new application fields, and the gradual replacement of imported products, new development opportunities have been brought to the domestic polyvinyl alcohol and vinylon industry. However, as various companies increase their export efforts and adopt fierce competition at the low end, and with the adjustment of China's industrial structure, rising wages and other costs, and high environmental protection requirements, some downstream industries, such as the labor-intensive textile industry, have relocated to Southeast Asia, making domestic Demand growth momentum has slowed, foreign consumption has increased, and exports have increased. After more than ten years of competitive integration and optimization, the industry is showing a new pattern of optimized production capacity, increased concentration, stable market varieties, slow growth in market demand, high technical barriers, moderate competition, and innovation-driven development, reaching a new balance between supply and demand. Develop into a benign new business format.   With the rapid development of PVA downstream industries such as PVA optical film, PVB film, polymerization additives, soil improvement, paper adhesives, ceramic adhesives, environmental protection, medicine and cosmetics, the demand for special PVA products is very strong, and Anhui The special PVA products of leading enterprises in the industry represented by ElephChem have developed rapidly, and they have increased their research and development efforts on PVA fiber, PVB resin, PVB film, PVA optical film, redispersible rubber powder and other products. Special varieties of PVA and The production technology of downstream new material products is becoming increasingly mature, filling many gaps in the country. New PVA products are gradually being put on the market, and their market share is also constantly increasing. Common varieties have basically achieved import substitution, and the downstream consumption structure of the domestic PVA industry has been further expanded.
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  • Application of Polyvinyl Alcohol(PVA) & Usage of Polyvinyl Alcohol(PVA)
    Nov 26, 2019
    ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a versatile polymer with a wide range of applications due to its unique combination of properties, including water solubility, film-forming ability, and adhesion. Here are some common applications of ElephChem Polyvinyl Alcohol:   1.Adhesives: ElephChem PVA is widely used in the formulation of water-based adhesives. It provides excellent adhesion to various surfaces, making it suitable for woodworking, paper bonding, and packaging applications.   2.Paper Industry: ElephChem PVA is used as a surface sizing agent in the paper industry. It improves the surface properties of paper, such as smoothness and printability.   3.Textile Industry: In the textile industry, ElephChem PVA is used as a sizing agent to add strength and flexibility to fibers during the weaving process. It is also employed in the production of warp yarns.   4.Emulsion Polymerization: ElephChem PVA is used in emulsion polymerization processes to stabilize and control the particle size of latex polymers. It serves as a protective colloid in the synthesis of latex dispersions.   5.Packaging Films: ElephChem PVA is utilized in the production of water-soluble packaging films. These films are environmentally friendly and find applications in single-dose packaging for detergents, agrochemicals, and other products.   6.Textile Sizing: ElephChem PVA is used as a sizing agent for warp yarns in the textile industry. It imparts strength and lubrication during the weaving process.   7.Construction Industry: ElephChem PVA is incorporated into cement-based formulations as a cement modifier. It enhances the adhesion and workability of cementitious materials, such as mortar and concrete.   8.Release Agents:  ElephChem PVA is used as a release agent in the production of molded objects, such as rubber and plastic components. It prevents adhesion of the molded product to the mold surface.   9.Medical Applications: ElephChem PVA is used in the medical field for applications such as the production of hydrogel-based wound dressings and controlled drug delivery systems.   10.Photographic Films: ElephChem PVA is used as a protective colloid in the manufacturing of photographic emulsions. It contributes to the stability and dispersibility of silver halide crystals.   11.Coatings and Paints: ElephChem PVA is employed as a binder in water-based coatings and paints. It enhances film formation, adhesion, and flexibility.   12.Water-Soluble Films: ElephChem PVA is used to produce water-soluble films for various applications, including packaging of detergents, dyes, and agrochemicals. These films dissolve in water, leaving no residue.   These applications showcase the versatility of polyvinyl alcohol across diverse industries. The specific grade and characteristics of ElephChem PVA can be tailored to meet the requirements of each application, making it a valuable polymer in the manufacturing sector.
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  • Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)
    Nov 20, 2019
    ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a synthetic polymer that is commonly prepared through the hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate. The process involves converting polyvinyl acetate, which is a resin, into ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol by replacing the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. Here is a simplified overview of the preparation of polyvinyl alcohol:   Steps in the Preparation of Polyvinyl Alcohol: 1.Hydrolysis of Polyvinyl Acetate: ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is typically synthesized through the hydrolysis of polyvinyl acetate, a polymer derived from vinyl acetate monomers. The hydrolysis reaction involves treating polyvinyl acetate with an aqueous solution of a strong base, usually sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or another alkali. [CH2CHOOCCH3]n+NaOH→[CH2CHOHCH3]n+NaOC(O)CH3 In this reaction, the acetate groups (-OC(O)CH3) are replaced by hydroxyl groups (-CHOH-) in the polymeric chain.   2.Neutralization and Washing: After hydrolysis, the resulting polyvinyl alcohol is often neutralized to remove any excess alkali. The polymer is then washed to remove by-products and impurities, ensuring the purity of ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol.   3. Drying: The purified ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol is usually dried to remove residual water and obtain the final polymer in a solid form.   Additional Considerations: Degree of Hydrolysis: The extent of hydrolysis determines the degree of alcoholysis in the ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol. A higher degree of hydrolysis means more acetate groups are replaced by hydroxyl groups, resulting in a higher concentration of hydroxyl groups along the polymer chain. Polymerization Method: The initial polyvinyl acetate polymer is often prepared through free radical polymerization of vinyl acetate monomers. This polymerization process results in a polyvinyl acetate resin, which is then subjected to hydrolysis. Quality Control: The quality of the ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol is crucial for its intended applications. Manufacturers employ various analytical techniques to monitor and control the degree of hydrolysis, molecular weight, and other properties of the final product.   It's important to note that the detailed process may vary depending on the specific manufacturing conditions and desired properties of the ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol. ElephChem may use different catalysts, concentrations, and reaction conditions to achieve the desired characteristics for various applications, such as adhesives, coatings, films, and textiles.
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  • Polyvinyl Alcohol(PVA) Storage Method
    Nov 16, 2019
    ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a water-soluble synthetic polymer with a wide range of applications, including as a component in adhesives, coatings, and as a film-forming agent. Proper storage of polyvinyl alcohol is important to maintain its quality and usability. Here are some general guidelines for the storage of ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA):1.Temperature and Humidity:Store polyvinyl alcohol in a cool, dry place. Exposure to high temperatures and humidity can lead to changes in the physical properties of the material, such as increased moisture absorption.Avoid storage in areas prone to temperature fluctuations. 2.Sealed Containers:Keep polyvinyl alcohol in sealed containers to prevent moisture absorption. PVA is water-soluble, and exposure to moisture can affect its performance.Use airtight containers or bags to protect the material from environmental conditions.   3.Protection from Light:Store ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) away from direct sunlight and other sources of UV light. Prolonged exposure to light can cause degradation of the polymer. 4.Avoid Contamination:Keep ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) away from contaminants such as dust, dirt, and chemicals that may affect its properties.Use clean utensils and tools when handling and transferring PVA to prevent contamination.   5. Handling Precautions:Follow proper handling procedures to avoid introducing impurities during the storage and use of polyvinyl alcohol.Wear appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and safety glasses, when handling the material.   6.First In, First Out (FIFO):Follow a FIFO system to ensure that older batches of ElephChem Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) are used first. This helps prevent the material from sitting in storage for extended periods, reducing the risk of degradation.   7.Check for Changes:Periodically inspect stored ElephChem polyvinyl alcohol for any signs of discoloration, clumping, or changes in texture. If any abnormalities are observed, it's essential to investigate the cause and assess the material's suitability for use. Periodically inspect ElephChem PVA for any signs of discoloration, clumping, or changes in texture.  If any abnormalities are observed, it's essential to investigate the cause and assess the material's suitability for use.Always refer to the specific manufacturer-ElephChem's guidelines and recommendations for the storage of the particular grade or type of polyvinyl alcohol you are using. Different formulations may have varying storage requirements. Proper storage practices contribute to the longevity and effectiveness of polyvinyl alcohol in various applications.  
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  • Overview of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)
    Nov 02, 2019
    Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a water-soluble high polymer produced by the polymerization and hydrolysis of vinyl acetate (VAC). It exhibits excellent chemical stability and possesses properties such as good insulation, film-forming ability, gas barrier performance, water solubility, adhesion, interfacial chemistry, solvent resistance, and thermal stability.   ElephChem PVA products can be classified based on different degrees of polymerization: low degree of polymerization (DP < 1000), medium degree of polymerization (1000 < DP < 2000), and high degree of polymerization (DP > 2000).   ElephChem PVA products can also be categorized according to different degrees of hydrolysis: low hydrolysis (< 80) ,for example PVA 2088, partial hydrolysis (79-89),such as PVA 2488, PVA 0588, medium hydrolysis (91-98), and complete hydrolysis (98-99).
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  • China origin Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) Capacity
    Oct 14, 2022
    China is a major global producer of PVA (Polyvinyl alcohol). Since 1965, when Beijing Oriental Petrochemical Co., Ltd. (formerly Beijing Organic Chemical Factory) introduced technology from Japan and established the first set of calcium carbide acetylene method in China (changed to petroleum ethylene method in 1995), the production of PVA in China has steadily developed. According to statistics, in 2015, China's Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) production was approximately 700,000 tons, increasing to 802,000 tons in 2022, with a compound annual growth rate of 1.96% during this period. In terms of demand, the apparent consumption of PVA in China in 2022 was 639,600 tons, representing a year-on-year growth of 2.16%.
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